In the organic production the chemical fertilize, herbicide and pesticide are not accepted on vines, the European Regulation 203/2012 exclude the use this chemical product, it also regulates the method used to produce the wine in the cellar.
The most important and trusted Organic Certification is made by the European Commission ( https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/organic/index_en )
The regulation set a new course for developing organic farming further, with the following aims:
- sustainable cultivation systems
- a variety of high-quality products.
- greater emphasis on environmental protection
- more attention to biodiversity
- higher standards of animal protection
- consumer confidence
- protecting consumer interests.
Organic production respects natural systems and cycles. Biological and mechanical production processes and land-related production should be used to achieve sustainability, without having recourse to genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
In organic farming, closed cycles using internal resources and inputs are preferred to open cycles based on external resources. If the latter are used, they should be
- organic materials from other organic farms
- natural substances
- materials obtained naturally, or
- mineral fertilisers with low solubility.
Exceptionally, however, synthetic resources and inputs may be permissible if there are no suitable alternatives. Such products, which must be scrutinised by the Commission and EU countries before authorisation, are listed in the annexes to the implementing regulation (Commission Regulation (EC) No. 889/2008).>